Robinhood, a popular neobroker in the US, is facing a regulatory challenge from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) over its crypto unit, Robinhood Crypto LLC.

Investigative Subpoenas and Wells Notice:

The SEC issued investigative subpoenas to Robinhood Crypto, focusing on various aspects like its cryptocurrency offerings, custody procedures, and platform operations. Robinhood has been cooperating with this inquiry. Recently, the SEC staff issued a Wells Notice, signaling their intention to recommend enforcement action to the Commission.

Allegations and Potential Consequences:

The SEC staff alleges that Robinhood Crypto violated Sections 15(a) and 17A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The potential enforcement action could take the form of civil injunctive measures, administrative proceedings, or cease-and-desist orders. Remedies might include injunctions, disgorgement of profits, penalties, and regulatory restrictions.

Robinhood’s Response:

Dan Gallagher, Robinhood’s Chief Legal, Compliance, and Corporate Affairs Officer, expressed disappointment with the SEC’s decision. Despite Robinhood’s efforts to collaborate with the SEC for regulatory clarity, including attempts to register, the Wells Notice came as a setback. Gallagher emphasized Robinhood’s belief that the assets on its platform are not securities and expressed eagerness to engage with the SEC to refute the allegations.

Compliance Efforts:

Robinhood Crypto highlighted its cautious approach, opting not to list certain tokens or offer products like lending and staking, which the SEC has previously deemed as securities in actions against other platforms. Additionally, Robinhood has endeavored to comply with the SEC’s directives by attempting to register a specialized broker-dealer.


The SEC’s scrutiny of Robinhood Crypto signifies ongoing regulatory challenges in the crypto space. Robinhood’s response underscores its commitment to addressing regulatory concerns while defending its business practices. The outcome of this regulatory dispute will likely have significant implications for Robinhood and the broader crypto industry.